Tooth-grinding can sometimes signal that your horse is in pain. An example would be during an episode of colic. Under saddle, it usually means that your horse is feeling stressed or nervous, although you should have his teeth and saddle fit checked for any pain points to be sure.
If he checks out OK physically, think about your training sessions and your lessons. Be sure that you’re not asking too much too soon of your green horse. While he may never stop grinding his teeth completely, as he gains confidence and relaxes, it should happen less and less.
Fixing the head tilting problem requires even more patience on your part. When your horse tilts his head to one side, he’s avoiding correct contact with the bit. Don’t switch to a harsher bit.
Instead, use the mildest snaffle possible. One with a jointed mouthpiece, like a French link, or even a rubber snaffle might be good options. Both invite your horse to take hold of the bit. Then focus on trotting lots of large circles. Be very clear—yet soft—with your hands as you guide him. Press your inside leg against his ribs so he bends throughout his body on each turn.
Don’t fight him if he continues to tilt his head. Remain calm and keep asking for a bend in the proper direction. Eventually, your OTTB will have his head on straight.
This article originally appeared in the January/February 2019 issue of Young Rider magazine. Click here to subscribe!