How to Pull a Loose Shoe

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The distinctive clank of a loose shoe is never a welcome sound for a horse owner. In most cases, a loose shoe will probably put your horse out of commission until the farrier arrives.

Tools of the Trade

Clinches: The end of the horse shoe folded over the outside of the hoof wall to secure the shoe.
Rasp: A long, flat tool used by farriers to trim and shape hooves.
Nippers: Cutting tool used by farriers to trim excess hoof wall.  Pull-offs: Tool used to cut nails and pry off horse shoes.

Left alone, a loose shoe can cause serious problems for your horse. At best, it will eventually fall off, leaving your horse unevenly shod. When the shoe comes off on its own, it may take a chunk of hoof with it. Worse yet, the shoe can twist, putting the newly exposed nails or clips right under the sole of your horse’s hoof every time he takes a step. Since your farrier probably can’t show up at your barn door at a moment’s notice, learning to pull a shoe is a necessary skill for anyone who cares for horses.

Make sure you have a rasp and pull-offs or nippers on hand at your barn. These can be purchased at most tack and agricultural supply shops, or by asking your farrier.

How to Pull a Shoe Step 1

Step 1:  Pick up your horse’s hoof, and rest it on your thigh. If you have pull-offs or nippers, you can clip the clinches right where they bend on the outside of the hoof wall.

 

How to Pull a Shoe Step 2

Step 2:  You can also rasp each of the clinches individually.

How to Pull a Shoe Step 3Step 3:  Gently pry off the shoe with the nippers, starting at the heels. Pull on one side of the shoe at the heel, and then the other, alternating until the nails come out. Do not try to pull the shoe off in one tug as this may break off pieces of hoof wall or weaken the hoof by making the nail holes larger. 

Alternatively, you can use the nippers to pull each nail out one at a time. This will decrease the risk of breaking the hoof wall.  Be sure to pull each nail out straight so you don’t enlarge the holes. 

If your farrier cannot get to your barn immediately to replace the shoe, you may want to bandage the hoof for protection. Learn how here.

Special thanks to farrier Eric Johnson of Versailles, KY for his assistance.

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Leslie Potter
Leslie Potter is a graduate of William Woods University where she earned a Bachelor of Science in Equestrian Science with a concentration in saddle seat riding and a minor in Journalism/Mass Communications. She is currently a writer and photographer in Lexington, KY.Potter worked as a barn manager and riding instructor and was a freelance reporter and photographer for the Horsemen's Yankee Pedlar and Saddle Horse Report before moving to Lexington to join Horse Illustrated as Web Editor from 2008 to 2019. Her current equestrian pursuits include being a grown-up lesson kid at an eventing barn and trail riding with her senior Morgan gelding, Snoopy.

1 COMMENT

  1. This was very helpful to me when my horse recently got a loose shoe and I had to remove it because the farrier was not able to come out for several days because of bad snow.

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