Question of the Week: Bolting Jumper


Schooling a jumperQ: I am working with a Thoroughbred hunter/jumper prospect. When we jump crossrails, he’s fine. But when we try small verticals he bolts to the jumps and then kicks his heels in the air. How can I help him stay calm and relaxed on his way down to the jumps?

A: In general, a horse that gets faster and stronger as the jumps are raised is either expressing anxiety over the complexity of the task (meaning the jumps are too high for his training and confidence) or he’s simply learned to tune out the rider. It’s much easier to just bolt off and leap over the jump like a reindeer. Fortunately, both scenarios can be helped with the same exercise.

Go back to trotting—not cantering—crossrails and ground poles until your horse sees them as just another ho-hum part of his schooling routine. Incorporate them into your flatwork, so that you’re trotting around the arena, circling and bending, and then you just happen to trot a crossrail. Then continue on around the arena. To help regulate your horse’s pace, set a placement (ground) pole about 9-10 feet out from both the take-off and landing sides of the crossrails. He should trot the pole, hop over the crossrail and then hop over the pole on the other side. If he lands cantering, that’s fine. But gently bring him back to his rhythmical trot and keep cruising around the arena.

The next step is to integrate a low, simple vertical (about 2’3”) into this set-up. Now your routine may include some ground poles, a couple of crossrails and your vertical. Use your placement poles (rolled out to about 10-feet now) on either side of the vertical. This will help slow your horse and keep him focused on jumping correctly. Eventually you can remove the placement poles and mix trotting some of your low jumps with cantering a few. If your horse still gets quick and strong over the verticals then enlist the help of a local professional in your community. He or she may spot problems in your position, equipment or flatwork fundamentals that are influencing your horse’s performance.

–Cindy Hale

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