My old grey mare just wasn’t what she used to be. At 28, Ginger’s lip and back had begun to droop. She was overweight. When I took her out, she groaned and took mincing little steps. She had been a delightful riding partner because of her calmness and her willing nature. But, past her prime, she seemed ready for retirement. I put her out to pasture.
I found good news for Ginger and for your older horse, too. Dr. Karyn Malinowski, equine extension specialist at Rutger’s, the State University of New Jersey, and older-horse expert, says many horses continue to be active well beyond the age of 20. But to keep them active as their body condition, muscle tone and general well-being start to decline, Dr. Malinowski says, “You’ve got to change your older horse’s diet and lifestyle.” With that advice, I went to trainer Kim Sullivan, a graduate of University of California at Davis and former member of the Davis equestrian team, to learn what I could do.
Kim said the first step was to have Ginger evaluated by both my veterinarian and farrier. Once we knew Ginger’s limitations, we could set realistic goals and make modifications to our exercises that would allow her aging joints, bones and muscles to ease back into activity.
My vet, Dr. Jim Garfinkel, looked at Ginger’s overall condition and soundness, her respiratory and musculoskeletal systems, and found no significant problems except for her weight. Then he focused on her eyes, ears and mouth, and in particular her teeth, since decayed teeth and sharp points that grow on the older horse’s back molars can cause improper digestion. Ginger’s sight, hearing and teeth were good, but I was advised to watch for excessive salivating, which is an early sign of teeth problems. I then went to my farrier with Dr. Garfinkel’s diagnosis. Certified farrier Rick Williams pointed out that proper trimming and shoes are extremely important when starting any horse on an exercise routine because of the increased stress on the animal’s legs and hooves. But in the older horse, preventive shoeing and trimming can help minimize concussive shock, aid flexion and extension, and alleviate lameness or unevenness of gait due to arthritis or degenerative joint disease.
Ginger’s problem was flexion and extension, so Rick trimmed her toes as short as possible and applied rounded shoes. This, he explained, would cause her to break over easier in her stride and would lessen the tension on her stiff tendons and joints. Later, if needed, he said we could apply pads between shoe and hoof or use a coated shoe to minimize concussive shock to her legs and hooves.
At this point I realized Ginger probably could indeed be rejuvenated. Physically she was sound. And you may discover the same about your horse once you’ve spoken with your own veterinarian and farrier. But another aspect you’ll need to look at before beginning any “youth-enhancing” program is diet.
According to Dr. Peter Gibbs of Texas A&M University, the large-intestinal function alters as a horse gets older. This creates an increased need for things like higher-quality protein, alternative forms of roughage and supplemental vitamin B. The commercially processed senior feeds are good for the older horse who cannot maintain weight, either because he’s unable to properly chew his feed or because his body is less efficient at utilizing the nutrients. On the other hand, lack of exercise and a diet rich in the wrong things can make older horses — just like people — put on unwanted pounds.
Excess weight is particularly bad for the older horse. It causes additional stress to old legs and joints as well as the cardiovascular system. This all translated into some major dietary changes for my overweight Ginger. Also, I’d been feeding her straight alfalfa, which taxes the liver and kidneys. Dr. Malinowski fed a ration of half grass/half alfalfa with a supplement of energy-dense grains plus a vitamin supplement to her study group of older mares. Gradually, over a 7- to 10-day period, I switched Ginger over to a similar diet and added a daily dose of 1 to 2 ounces of vegetable oil to improve her skin and coat. Within a short time, Ginger began to slim down and her coat took on an improved sheen.
On the other hand, you may find your once easy-keeper no longer seems to hold flesh. His intestines may have lost the capability to fully extract the calories and nutrients from his feed. You’ll need to work with your vet to ensure your senior gets a diet that supplies enough energy and nutrients without overloading him on harmful, unnecessary ingredients.
Finally, Ginger and I were ready to begin conditioning. Conditioning is the key to achieving and maintaining body tone and the appearance of youth, according to the UCD Book of Horses (Harper Collins, 1996). To start our conditioning program, my trainer advised me to get organized. This meant, for consistency, that I needed to develop a checklist to track Ginger’s progress. Because of her age, I was going to need to increase warm-up times, decrease the intensity level and duration of exercise periods, and increase the cool-down times.
We started each workout with stretching exercises to increase flexibility and range of motion and reduce the risk of injury. If Ginger was particularly stiff or sore, I massaged her first and warmed her up by briskly walking her for about 10 minutes to get blood to her muscles and loosen her joints.
Then we began our exercise, using long, slow periods of steady work to create a foundation of good muscle and tone and to condition tendons and ligaments. We worked through four stages over several months. In the first stage, we started slow. We walked 2 to 4 miles at a strong, steady pace, on level ground, completing our walk in 30 to 45 minutes. Because Ginger had been inactive, we stayed at this stage for more than 6 weeks, until she was able to perform the task comfortably. Gradually we increased our mileage and eventually worked up to stage two, walking hills in combination with our flat walking. When Ginger was able to do that comfortably, we added stage three, trotting at short intervals on soft, flat ground. When Ginger was able to trot for extended periods on flat ground, we moved onto the final stage, trotting hills.
In her book The Older Horse (Breakthrough Publishing Inc., 1986), Eleanor Kellon, DVM, says, “Keep in mind that the goal of interval training is to get the maximum benefit with the minimum stress on the horse.” So, during our training, I had to constantly be alert for pain that Ginger might be feeling. Pain might indicate I was moving her too quickly or that there might be undetected physical problems.
At this point, we work out only two to three days each week. The key to our progress has been to take it slowly and avoid shortcuts — whenever I tried to push Ginger too fast, we paid with lameness.
Ginger has begun to step out with renewed vigor since we have been doing our conditioning I think she’s feeling good, and that has been significantly helped by the final step:
The use of massage, just once a week, as part of your conditioning program can help your older horse by promoting healthy muscles. According to Nola, massaging before and after workouts improves circulation, helps keep muscles toned and brings nutrition into the muscles.
There are three basic massage techniques: effleurage, compression and direct pressure. To perform effleurage, you slide an open, flat hand over the horse’s skin and down the length of the muscle, feeling for tension, tightness and abnormalities. You follow this with compression, in which you target problem areas you found during effleurage. To compress, you press into the muscle and rotate the hand in a half-circle toward the horse’s tail with a rhythmic, pumping action. Finally you apply direct pressure to extremely knotted tissue using a thumb or finger pad. You push into the knot, hold the pressure for 30 seconds, release; repeat for 40 seconds, release; and repeat and hold for 60 seconds.
When massaging, you need to be constantly aware of your horse’s reaction. If a particular technique seems unduly painful, you need to back off. Also, you need to avoid hot areas (which might be infected), bony areas and swollen areas.
Massage has helped to loosen Ginger’s tight muscles and knotted tissue, and prevented muscle strains and tears as well as the loss of range of motion. In addition, through massage, I found I am immediately aware when muscles and joints are stressed and I can take preventive steps toward healing them before they become inflamed.
Rejuvenating your horse is a long-term proposition. It requires patience, awareness and commitment. But as Ginger and I continue working out and as we adventure farther and farther, with increased energy, I have no doubt it’s worth the effort. She has begun to kick up her heels in the pasture again, as she used to when she was young. She seems to feel better and enjoy life. I can feel it in her step. I hear it in her nicker. And I feel closer to her than ever before. I have rediscovered a partner with whom I can keep riding into the sunset.
Ten Ways to Add Years to Your Senior’s Life
Five Tips for Buying an Older Horse
Thank you for such a great article. It is nice to know we can continue to enjoy our best horse pals well into their golden years.
I totally agree. Exercise and activity are the key to staying young no matter what your age. My thoroughbred gelding who I purchased at 5 off the track is now 22 and still going strong like the energizer bunny. I trail ride him each week; 2 days, 2 hours minimum each time. We do all gaits and especially do a lot of steep hills.
I have a 30+ yr old horse that is in great shape for his age. Still ridable but has been retired to kids only due to his age. Wonderful babysitter. Just a dream horse.
I was very happy to read your article about Ginger. I also have an older horse that I have been thinking a lot about lately. I thought that I just needed to retire her as well. She was my first horse and I just can’t seem to part from her. I am going to take the advice you have given and hopefully see some of the spark come back in her. Thanks for the info!
This is a very helpful article. I ride a 28 year old and he is my best friend.
That was a great article I have always belived that if a horse isn’t like 49 and creaks and grones every time it takes a step then it can be ridden. bacase most horses live to be about 45. my 12 year old gelding galops as fast as he can around the pasture and kiks up his heels every day!
I have 2 31-year old horses, both adoptees. I try to ride each 2-3 times per week, they are a lot of fun and with my 1-year old healed leg (shattered in a car accident) they are the perfect horses for me. We walk and trot, I work on my seat and aids, and we’re all the better for it. The ‘glue pots’ each have a buddy, and they are terrific at giving equine therapy to their human.
Perhaps when I become a better rider I’ll look for a younger horse to add to the group — but these ‘old’ horses can be super as well!
Thanks for your article.
i loved this artical.i bknow a horse and shes 16 years old and her legs always get sore so her owner always puts on this gooey stuff trhat helps take away pain.so maybe its possible to use it on old horses.
I jump a 23 yr. old who acts like she is 5 <3
I have done more or less the same with my 36yr old Welsh x. We hack out 3-4 times a week, he’s in fantastic conditon and loves his life. I have found that by allowing him to choose (occasionally) which direction we go on our rides gives him renewed confidence in himself. Sounds crazy but it works. I love my old friend and wouldnt have it any other way.
Thanks!!! now I know how my horse can get the most out of life when he hits the sunset years which will be soon
We have a horse at our barn who is at least 38 but we think he may be closer to 40 or 42. He is in great shape except for a few manageable health issues including cushings. He LOVES to be ridden and does kids beginner lessons a few times a week. He even competed in a Pony Club games rally a few years ago! Hes such a great horse and teacher – almost everyone in the barn rode him when they were younger. We all love him like crazy.
Wow, it looks like I have the babies in this group. My boys are still trailing at 30 and 27. And when I don’t have the extra rider for my 30 year old, I pony him out and we just have a ball. I am so happy to see others have not given up on their ol’ friends.
Wow! thats so cool. I have a pony that we know nothing about. we were told she is 18, but the vet sais she is around 30. She is having a lot of problems, and I am happy to know, that there is still things I can do to help her.
Fabulous article. Many years ago, I retired my Quarter horse at 20 years old. Looking back,, I now know I could have still had a great riding partner by utilizing these common sense ideas. My girl lived to be 38 years old. She died on my birthday, so I have a sweet reminder of her every year. Wonderful horse and friend. I miss her hello nickers everyday.
Great article. My QH is 28 years old. For the past couple years I’ve only been taking him out for walks, but I really miss doing more than that. I think I’ll try to add in some short trots. He’s still in pretty good conditions.
I can add years to my horses life but NOT riding years he has really bad heaves and he is only 16 so I am sad but thanks
thanks,i`ll try and remember that for if i ever get an old horse.
I’m so happy to read this! At 23 my mare bowed a tendon and then the following year when we started work, she disrupted a sesamodian ligament. With shockwave therapy and special shoes, we’re working working back on conditioning at 25. I love hearing stories of other older horses (especially old grey mares!) being comfortable in work.
I have 2 senior horses one 21 & the other 28 & they are fabulous! Both are in great condition, they get a diet of grass/alfalfa, small amt of senior feed, & sev different suppliments. My husband & I trail ride whenever we get the chance & they will go anywhere & do anything. Thats the best part about seniors, they’ve done it all & are afraid of nothing! Willing partners to the end, they’re the greatest.
Interesting! I hope that everyone had a great and safe weekend, and I hope that they have another great and safe weekend!
I have known several horses and ponies that lived well up into there 30’s. They where mostly kept on a roughage diet only. Where barefoot and ridden everyday.The vet did CBC’s every 6 months to regulate how everything was going along with liver and kidney panels. He also kept an eye on the thyroid. You would never have guessed there age by looking at them. They where fat and sassy. Dan came off the quarter horse track and even at age 35 still loved to run and cut up. Darlin would still give an inexperienced rider a hard time at 30. Jiggs was still pulling a cart at 34. Dusty was still carrying his rider through the woods at 40. There where no special feeds around at the time these horses where alive. Just plenty of good grass and minerals lots of love and a great vet.
wonderful article. None of us want to think about our companion getting older but this article was very positive and uplifting.
Great information. I am trying to be prepared ahead of time since I have some horses now in their 20’s.
Excellent informative article… am printing it and using it as a reference for my “oldie”… thank you! 🙂
I love the older horses and I feel right at home on them as I’m not so young any more but I intend to keep right on going to the end so both of us will feel good about the ride. The more I know about the aging process the more I can prevent problems for both of us so thank you for the article and would love to hear more.
Older horses need a supplement that is bio-available into the blood stream to get the most nutrition for their thyroid, tendons and ligaments and total system. Maximum Performance Horse Supplement is one of the few that provides the most nutrition all in one bag, http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=b0qnwkySkNA#t=0
I have an older horse that sounds just like your equine friend. Your advice is a huge help. I struggle with maintaining a steady weight with my horse too. I’ll defnantly check into a different feeding plan. Thanks for the advice.
Love all the senior horses at the barn!!!! <3
Love this article!
I rode my old horse to the very end. RIP Sweet Joy
This article was very encouraging! My gelding has some advanced arthritis in his hips and I had essentially given up on even being able to lunge him. I noticed a change in his personality and could tell he needed some kind of job. With advice from my vet, we have started a pain management regiment and begun lunging. It has completely changed his disposition and removed anxiety from both of our lives!
We have a 36-year-old QH in our barn that’s still ridden. We had a TB that lived to be 39 and a pony that lived to be 47. Older horses are especially endearing and require special care. Here’s an article we wrote about how we do it: http://barnqueenadventures.com/care-for-older-horses/
My horse was 28 when he had to be put down – He & I went out on the trail right up to that point, and until the day before he was put down – he was his usual self. He and I were so lucky in so many ways..