As horse owners, it can be a little nerve-racking to introduce a new horse into an already established herd. You know the drill—Penny understands that Beans is the boss and respects her; Gerry the gelding knows that he shouldn’t mess with the mares but is great pals with Shelby the Shetland. The herd works; nobody gets hurt, everybody gets along. But what happens when you need to introduce a new horse into an established group? Let’s look at a couple of ways to minimize stress and avoid disruptions when combining new horses.
1. Introduce by sight first
2. Introduce with stalls
Another method for stress-free introductions is to put your new and old horses side-by-side in safe stalls. This works especially well if it’s only two horses that need to become acquainted. This way, the horses can directly touch each other without the danger of being turned out. It can be an excellent introductory method, and has the added advantage of helping you see if the horses are going to get along of if they seem to dislike each other. If they don’t get along in the stalls, they might not in the pasture, either.
3. Then put them out together
Once the horses seem calm and used to each other, you can actually try putting them together. They’ll likely approach each other and perhaps sniff and squeal a bit, but if they’ve spent enough time seeing and hearing each other and being stalled in proximity to each other, the encounter should be a reasonably peaceful one. If the horses aren’t overly protective of their food, you could try putting out a couple of widely separated hay piles as a distraction, but don’t try this if you think it could lead to fighting. If your horses are on grass then you’re in fine shape already. Watch carefully over a few days; sometimes an equine personality conflict won’t become apparent right away. But if your new herd seems to be under control and happy, then you’re good to go!
- If you suspect kicking could be an issue, you can remove the hind shoes of your horses prior to turning them out together.
- New horses should be quarantined, ideally for a couple of weeks, before coming into direct physical contact with your other horses (buckets, brushes, and other tools should also be kept separate).
- Don’t leave a new situation unattended. Stay nearby with a bucket of grain and be ready to remove a horse if necessary.
- Make sure your pasture is safe and free of dangerous tight spots.
Daniel Johnson is a freelance writer and professional photographer. He’s the author of several books, including How to Raise Horses: Everything You Need to Know, (Voyageur Press, 2014). Dan’s barn is home to Summer, a Welsh/TB cross, Orion, a Welsh Cob, and Mati and Amos, two Welsh Mountain Ponies. Follow him at www.facebook.com/foxhillphoto