Horse trainers accused of soring will now face greater penalties


Tennessee Walking HorseSoring, the illegal practice of causing irritation or pain to a horse’s pasterns or hooves to increase the height and reach of the show-ring gait, has been in the news lately. Hidden-camera footage from inside Tennessee Walking Horse trainer Jackie McConnell’s stable brought the abhorrent practice into the public eye when it aired on ABC’s Nightline last month.

Soring has been around in the Tennessee Walking Horse industry and in some other gaited breeds since the mid-20th century and was made illegal under federal law in 1970, but the abuse persists today. How widespread it is remains a contentious subject. Trainers and fans of gaited horse shows maintain that soring is only done by a few bad apples, but animal welfare activists and many horsemen and women from within the gaited horse world say that soring is common practice and practically required to create the motion that wins championships. Inspectors at horse shows are charged with weeding out any sored horses, but the process is somewhat subjective and has increased the tension between horse show exhibitors and the officials charged with protecting the horses.

The hidden camera footage that aired on May 16 reignited the furor over soring. In the disturbing video, McConnell and his assistants are shown applying chemicals to a horse’s pasterns and hitting a horse that is lying in his stall in order to force him back up on his feet. Other footage shows a crosstied horse being beaten over the head in a practice known as “stewarding,” which is intended to teach a horse to stand stalk still for inspectors, even when they are in pain. The Nightline clip is available here but viewers are warned that the footage is extremely disturbing.

After the Nightline piece aired, the soring controversy bubbled over from the show horse industry into the general public, where awareness of the decades-old practice—and the decades-long fight against it—was almost non-existent.

The Horse Protection Act, which is administered by the United States Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, set up a system of inspections and penalties to keep sored horses out of the show ring. The HPA has been plagued by difficulties since its inception. The program has the funding to send USDA inspectors to a relatively small number of shows, leaving the industry to self-police at most competitions. Using inspectors from within the industry has been notoriously ineffective. Furthermore, trainers like McConnell have found ways to work around the system and get their horses in the ring even when they’ve been charged under the HPA.

The USDA is hoping to give the HPA some teeth with a change to the regulation that was announced on June 5. The change requires that all horse industry organizations (HIO) that inspect horses under the HPA adhere to a protocol of minimum penalties. In the past, some HIOs have been less strict about issuing penalties, and as a result, those shows have attracted more competitors. The new regulation aims to level the playing field and create more consistent deterrents to soring. HIOs that fail to comply can be decertified by the USDA.

According to the USDA:

This final rule requires that suspensions for violating the HPA be issued to any individuals who are responsible for: showing a sore horse; exhibiting a sore horse; entering or allowing the entry of that horse in a show or exhibition; selling, auctioning or offering the horse for sale or auction; shipping, moving, delivering or receiving a sore horse with reason to believe that such horse was to be shown, exhibited, sold, auctioned or offered for sale. This includes the manager, trainer, rider, custodian, seller or owner of the horse, as applicable.

An individual who is suspended will not be permitted to show or exhibit any horse or judge or manage any horse show, horse exhibition or horse sale/auction for the duration of the suspension.

For more information on the Horse Protection Act, visit


  1. just watched the video and it made me sick to my stomach. How can anyone do that to such trusting, innocent animals?

  2. Anyone caught soring should be forced to wear shoes with stones and nails against their bare soles.
    One great way to prevent this practice would be to eliminate judging according to the ridiculous practice of how high they lift their feet. It looks silly anyway. Why would anyone want to exaggerate this movement?

  3. What kind of disgusting human being could do this to a horse? how would you like that done to you? I think all horse people should go dump the chemicals that he used on him and hit him with a big stick. what a piece of scum.

  4. why even do this horrible practice horses shouldnt be injured just so you can win ribbons. let them do a natural gait which they created to do without soring all show judges should be familiar with the horses natural and one with soring

  5. GREED that is what it boils down. To not all trainers do this and not all competitors cheat not all are “bad apples” there are those that are trying to clean up the image. Hope that the real trainers and riders are successful doing so.

  6. Thats awful. If you don’t think horses are good enough naturally to win shows then don’t be around them. How would they like it if the same stuff was done to them. Some people don’t deserve horses. No horse deserves to be treated like that.


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